Thursday, June 20, 2013

Wild Animal Encounters

It happens all the time — people drop their guard while out wandering through the wild outdoors, and they get into trouble with animals.

Part of the problem is the Hollywood-spawned mentality that humans and wildlife interact peacefully, as long as you approach the animals with good intentions. Somehow, the wild animals are supposed to understand that you mean them no harm — all you want to do is cuddle.

Boy, that's a load of trash. Let me put it this way, if someone wandered into my home uninvited, the last thing I'm going to think is that he wants to cuddle. Well the same thing applies to wildlife. That's their home you're wandering into.

Survival as a wild animal demands that these critters live in "red alert" mode all the time. The minute they let down their guard, they become someone's lunch. This becomes the most important concept in their life, so when a threat appears they will either run away or fight for their life.

Then you show up with your camera and snacks, hoping to feed one of these cute creatures. Next thing you know, you're in a hospital bed with injuries or perhaps disease you received as a result of your adventure.

So here's the deal — If you encounter a wild animal:
  • Keep your distance — there is no valid reason to approach a wild animal, no matter how cute they are.
  • Even small critters like chipmunks and raccoons can carry disease that can be easily transferred to humans (plague, rabies, virus and bacteria).
  • Bears are predators who sometimes injure or kill humans during encounters. If you are going into bear country, know about it beforehand. Maintain a constant watch for evidence of bears. Keep all food and garbage in bear-proof containers. If you encounter a bear, back away slowly, keeping an eye on the bear. Do not run, as that will spark an attack response. Just calmly move out of the area, so the bear doesn’t consider you a threat.
  • Cougars — they will stalk humans, follow them for miles, and take them down from behind when least expected. Best not to travel alone in cougar country. Always be prepared to defend yourself in an attack, using a knife, stick, rock or whatever you have. Never try to run. Face the cougar, make yourself look big and dangerous. Don’t loose your feet during the battle.
  • Moose, elk, deer, bison — all are dangerous to humans, so keep your distance. If you are approached or attacked by big game, keep something solid (tree, boulder) between you and the animal until it loses interest in you and goes away. You can’t outrun them, so don’t even try unless you have a vehicle or building very close at hand that you can scramble into.

Saturday, June 15, 2013

Ten Essentials

You've probably seen the credit card commercials with the message "Don't Leave Home Without It."

Well, that concept ought to apply to the outdoors. There are some things you should always have with you when you venture beyond the borders of civilization. Some outdoor organizations have proposed their list of Ten Essentials, but here's my own list.

Actually, this is a list of the Ten essential categories, and you'll notice that I've added the stuff I use to fill those categories. Feel free to modify this list to suit your own situation.

Shelter —
  • Tent
  • Emergency blanket or bivvy
  • Rain poncho

Insulation —
  • Appropriate clothing for the season
  • Sleeping bag

Fire —
  • A Bic lighter (or similar)
  • A fire striker
  • Prepared tinder and/or accelerant product

Water —
  • A canteen or water bladder system
  • A water purification system to keep you going when the initial supply runs out

Food —
  • Energy bars
  • Trail mix, GORP

Navigation —
  • Map of the area
  • Compass
  • GPS and extra batteries

Signaling —
  • Signal mirror
  • Signal whistle
  • Cell phone
  • PLB or Spot

Tools —
  • Knife
  • Flashlight and spare batteries
  • Multitool
  • Cordage
  • Toilet paper

Medical —
  • First aid kit and manual
  • Personal medications

Environmental Protection —
  • Insect repellent
  • Sunscreen
  • Sunglasses